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[02/3] Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal 2007 / Racism: A History - "Fatal Impact" [02/3]

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Tags: [02/3] Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal 2007 / Racism: A History - "Fatal Impact" [02/3] En este episodio se examina la idea del racismo científico   una ideología inventada durante el siglo XIX que se basaba en prácticas hoy desacreditadas como la frenología y que proveyó una justificación ideológica para el racismo y la esclavitud. Veremos como estas teorías condujeron a las prácticas de eugenesia por los nazis y a las políticas racistas de una raza superior. Género: Cultura Duración: 59:00 Racism: A History is a three-part British documentary series originally broadcast on BBC Four in March 2007. It was part of the season of programmes broadcast on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Act 1807   a landmark piece of legislation which abolished the slave trade in the British Empire. The series explores the impact of racism on a global scale and chronicles the shifts in the perception of race and the history of racism in Europe   the Americas   Australia and Asia. The series was narrated by Sophie Okonedo. "Fatal Impact" David Olusoga 28 March 2007 Examines the idea of scientific racism   an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race. List of experts interviewed[edit] Prof David Dabydeen Prof Catherine Hall Prof Henry Reynolds Prof Bain Attwood Prof James Moore Prof Steve Jones Mike Davis Dr Maria Misra Dr Jan-Bart Gewald Pastor Izak Fredricks John McNab (Kaptein Rehoboth Basters) Casper W. Erichsen Edwin Black Dr Michael Burleigh Synopsis[edit] The episode opens with scenes from death camps depicting victims of the truth behind the "myth of the white man's burden." "Throughout the 19th century European scientists writers and philosophers developed ideas to justify the mass killings of the age of Empire. These same theories went on to inspire some of the horrors and the savagery that would consume Europe in the 20th century." After freeing the slaves   Imperialism developed another vision - to exterminate the dark races. Examples depicted are the Black War fought. despite all legal constraints   by the settlers   against the Tasmanians   the Koi-San people   who were hunted like animals in South Africa   the Beothuk of Newfoundland and the Pampas Indians of Argentina. The dark races were felt to be beyond civilisation by writers such as Thomas Carlyle   who spoke of the necessity for inequality. Men should rule women   white should rule black and educated people the ignorant. When in1865 Gov. Edward John Eyre was tried for the atrocities committed in East Jamaica   the British House of Lords and the establishment stood behind him and he was acquitted. Other writers supported the views of Thomas Carlyle   who orchestrated the defence   such as Charles Dickens   John Ruskin   William Makepeace Thackeray and Charles Kingsley. From then on the policy was to rule the Empire with the maximum degree of coercion. There emerged Scientific racism. Dr Robert Knox wrote The Races of Men in the 1840s   prophesying the clash of races and cultures. Craniologist Samuel George Morton began to measure skulls to determine brain capacities. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species created biological racism on the basis of natural selection   a theory that became known as Social Darwinism   with protagonists like Thomas Huxley and Herbert Spencer. The idea was that the native peoples were unable to compete and would gradually die out. The racial theories were applied also in the British Raj in the great famine of India in 1876. Millions had begun to starve while Lord Lytton prepared to celebrate the coronation of Queen Victoria as Empress of India. The viceroy justified his inactions with the arguments of the social Darwinists and introduced a system of camps with heavy labour   which effectively became death camps. Social Darwinism was also applied to the working and lower classes with references to the Cockney race   the Scottish race and so on and investigative methods were utilised in prisons to determine the characteristics of the "criminal classes." Francis Galton   Darwin's cousin   saw these multiplying faster than the upper classes and set about developing theories to reverse the process. His new science of Eugenics attracted many supporters like George Bernard Shaw   H.G. Wells and Winston Churchill. Social Darwinism   Eugenics and scientific racism were practically implemented in South West Africa by the German military against the Herero and Nama   for whom the first concentration camps like the death camp Shark Island were set up. It became the later Nazi system   the bureaucracy of mass killing and the 20th century's first genocide. Skulls from this camp were sent these all over the world by way of trade and in1908   Eugen Fischer started his investigations on the local people to prove the ills of racial mixing. Particularly the United States followed these experiments and theories of Eugenics   financing their implementation under Charles Davenport. In many states laws forbade racial intermarriage. Forced sterilisations took place and the instigators thought they were saving humanity. In Britain too   there was much support for these theories. But in Germany the movement found its most ardent adherents. Financial backing by grants from American foundations such as the Rockefeller Foundation   which funded the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology of Eugen Fischer prepared the way for the Nazi extermination policies   starting with the mentally ill and the so-called Rhineland Bastards for sterilisation   then graduating to murder. The fact that the death camps of the Hereros   the extermination of the native Tasmanians and the 30 million who died of starvation in India have been widely forgotten allows us to believe that Nazi violence was unique in European history and not a continuation of the crimes of Empire. SOURCES http://www.area-documental.com/player.php?titulo=Impacto%20Fatal http://217.160.176.9/comun/videos/Racism%20_A%20History2of3.mp4 BBC_Four  

[02/3] Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal 2007 / Racism: A History - "Fatal Impact" [02/3] En este episodio se examina la idea del racismo científico, una ideología inventada durante el siglo XIX que se basaba en prácticas hoy desacreditadas como la frenología y que proveyó una justificación ideológica para el racismo y la esclavitud. Veremos como estas teorías condujeron a las prácticas de eugenesia por los nazis y a las políticas racistas de una raza superior. Género: Cultura Duración: 59:00 Racism: A History is a three-part British documentary series originally broadcast on BBC Four in March 2007. It was part of the season of programmes broadcast on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Act 1807, a landmark piece of legislation which abolished the slave trade in the British Empire. The series explores the impact of racism on a global scale and chronicles the shifts in the perception of race and the history of racism in Europe, the Americas, Australia and Asia. The series was narrated by Sophie Okonedo. "Fatal Impact" David Olusoga 28 March 2007 Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race. List of experts interviewed[edit] Prof David Dabydeen Prof Catherine Hall Prof Henry Reynolds Prof Bain Attwood Prof James Moore Prof Steve Jones Mike Davis Dr Maria Misra Dr Jan-Bart Gewald Pastor Izak Fredricks John McNab (Kaptein Rehoboth Basters) Casper W. Erichsen Edwin Black Dr Michael Burleigh Synopsis[edit] The episode opens with scenes from death camps depicting victims of the truth behind the "myth of the white man's burden." "Throughout the 19th century European scientists writers and philosophers developed ideas to justify the mass killings of the age of Empire. These same theories went on to inspire some of the horrors and the savagery that would consume Europe in the 20th century." After freeing the slaves, Imperialism developed another vision - to exterminate the dark races. Examples depicted are the Black War fought. despite all legal constraints, by the settlers, against the Tasmanians, the Koi-San people, who were hunted like animals in South Africa, the Beothuk of Newfoundland and the Pampas Indians of Argentina. The dark races were felt to be beyond civilisation by writers such as Thomas Carlyle, who spoke of the necessity for inequality. Men should rule women, white should rule black and educated people the ignorant. When in1865 Gov. Edward John Eyre was tried for the atrocities committed in East Jamaica, the British House of Lords and the establishment stood behind him and he was acquitted. Other writers supported the views of Thomas Carlyle, who orchestrated the defence, such as Charles Dickens, John Ruskin, William Makepeace Thackeray and Charles Kingsley. From then on the policy was to rule the Empire with the maximum degree of coercion. There emerged Scientific racism. Dr Robert Knox wrote The Races of Men in the 1840s, prophesying the clash of races and cultures. Craniologist Samuel George Morton began to measure skulls to determine brain capacities. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species created biological racism on the basis of natural selection, a theory that became known as Social Darwinism, with protagonists like Thomas Huxley and Herbert Spencer. The idea was that the native peoples were unable to compete and would gradually die out. The racial theories were applied also in the British Raj in the great famine of India in 1876. Millions had begun to starve while Lord Lytton prepared to celebrate the coronation of Queen Victoria as Empress of India. The viceroy justified his inactions with the arguments of the social Darwinists and introduced a system of camps with heavy labour, which effectively became death camps. Social Darwinism was also applied to the working and lower classes with references to the Cockney race, the Scottish race and so on and investigative methods were utilised in prisons to determine the characteristics of the "criminal classes." Francis Galton, Darwin's cousin, saw these multiplying faster than the upper classes and set about developing theories to reverse the process. His new science of Eugenics attracted many supporters like George Bernard Shaw, H.G. Wells and Winston Churchill. Social Darwinism, Eugenics and scientific racism were practically implemented in South West Africa by the German military against the Herero and Nama, for whom the first concentration camps like the death camp Shark Island were set up. It became the later Nazi system, the bureaucracy of mass killing and the 20th century's first genocide. Skulls from this camp were sent these all over the world by way of trade and in1908, Eugen Fischer started his investigations on the local people to prove the ills of racial mixing. Particularly the United States followed these experiments and theories of Eugenics, financing their implementation under Charles Davenport. In many states laws forbade racial intermarriage. Forced sterilisations took place and the instigators thought they were saving humanity. In Britain too, there was much support for these theories. But in Germany the movement found its most ardent adherents. Financial backing by grants from American foundations such as the Rockefeller Foundation, which funded the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology of Eugen Fischer prepared the way for the Nazi extermination policies, starting with the mentally ill and the so-called Rhineland Bastards for sterilisation, then graduating to murder. The fact that the death camps of the Hereros, the extermination of the native Tasmanians and the 30 million who died of starvation in India have been widely forgotten allows us to believe that Nazi violence was unique in European history and not a continuation of the crimes of Empire. SOURCES http://www.area-documental.com/player.php?titulo=Impacto%20Fatal http://217.160.176.9/comun/videos/Racism%20_A%20History2of3.mp4 BBC_Four

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oseido 07/19/2016

[02/3] Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal 2007 / Racism: A History - "Fatal Impact" [02/3][02/3] Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal  2007 / Racism: A History - Racismo: Una Historia. Impacto Fatal 2007
En este episodio se examina la idea del racismo científico, una ideología inventada durante el siglo XIX que se basaba en prácticas hoy desacreditadas como la frenología y que proveyó una justificación ideológica para el racismo y la esclavitud. Veremos como estas teorías condujeron a las prácticas de eugenesia por los nazis y a las políticas racistas de una raza superior.

Género: Cultura Duración: 59:00

Racism: A History is a three-part British documentary series originally broadcast on BBC Four in March 2007.

It was part of the season of programmes broadcast on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the Slave Trade Act 1807, a landmark piece of legislation which abolished the slave trade in the British Empire. The series explores the impact of racism on a global scale and chronicles the shifts in the perception of race and the history of racism in Europe, the Americas, Australia and Asia. The series was narrated by Sophie Okonedo.

"Fatal Impact" David Olusoga 28 March 2007
Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race.

List of experts interviewed[edit]
Prof David Dabydeen

Prof Catherine Hall

Prof Henry Reynolds

Prof Bain Attwood

Prof James Moore

Prof Steve Jones

Mike Davis

Dr Maria Misra

Dr Jan-Bart Gewald

Pastor Izak Fredricks

John McNab (Kaptein Rehoboth Basters)

Casper W. Erichsen

Edwin Black

Dr Michael Burleigh

Synopsis[edit]
The episode opens with scenes from death camps depicting victims of the truth behind the "myth of the white man's burden." "Throughout the 19th century European scientists writers and philosophers developed ideas to justify the mass killings of the age of Empire. These same theories went on to inspire some of the horrors and the savagery that would consume Europe in the 20th century." After freeing the slaves, Imperialism developed another vision - to exterminate the dark races.

Examples depicted are the Black War fought. despite all legal constraints, by the settlers, against the Tasmanians, the Koi-San people, who were hunted like animals in South Africa, the Beothuk of Newfoundland and the Pampas Indians of Argentina. The dark races were felt to be beyond civilisation by writers such as Thomas Carlyle, who spoke of the necessity for inequality. Men should rule women, white should rule black and educated people the ignorant.

When in1865 Gov. Edward John Eyre was tried for the atrocities committed in East Jamaica, the British House of Lords and the establishment stood behind him and he was acquitted. Other writers supported the views of Thomas Carlyle, who orchestrated the defence, such as Charles Dickens, John Ruskin, William Makepeace Thackeray and Charles Kingsley. From then on the policy was to rule the Empire with the maximum degree of coercion.

There emerged Scientific racism. Dr Robert Knox wrote The Races of Men in the 1840s, prophesying the clash of races and cultures. Craniologist Samuel George Morton began to measure skulls to determine brain capacities. Charles Darwin's Origin of Species created biological racism on the basis of natural selection, a theory that became known as Social Darwinism, with protagonists like Thomas Huxley and Herbert Spencer. The idea was that the native peoples were unable to compete and would gradually die out.

The racial theories were applied also in the British Raj in the great famine of India in 1876. Millions had begun to starve while Lord Lytton prepared to celebrate the coronation of Queen Victoria as Empress of India. The viceroy justified his inactions with the arguments of the social Darwinists and introduced a system of camps with heavy labour, which effectively became death camps.

Social Darwinism was also applied to the working and lower classes with references to the Cockney race, the Scottish race and so on and investigative methods were utilised in prisons to determine the characteristics of the "criminal classes." Francis Galton, Darwin's cousin, saw these multiplying faster than the upper classes and set about developing theories to reverse the process. His new science of Eugenics attracted many supporters like George Bernard Shaw, H.G. Wells and Winston Churchill.

Social Darwinism, Eugenics and scientific racism were practically implemented in South West Africa by the German military against the Herero and Nama, for whom the first concentration camps like the death camp Shark Island were set up. It became the later Nazi system, the bureaucracy of mass killing and the 20th century's first genocide. Skulls from this camp were sent these all over the world by way of trade and in1908, Eugen Fischer started his investigations on the local people to prove the ills of racial mixing.

Particularly the United States followed these experiments and theories of Eugenics, financing their implementation under Charles Davenport. In many states laws forbade racial intermarriage. Forced sterilisations took place and the instigators thought they were saving humanity. In Britain too, there was much support for these theories. But in Germany the movement found its most ardent adherents. Financial backing by grants from American foundations such as the Rockefeller Foundation, which funded the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Anthropology of Eugen Fischer prepared the way for the Nazi extermination policies, starting with the mentally ill and the so-called Rhineland Bastards for sterilisation, then graduating to murder. The fact that the death camps of the Hereros, the extermination of the native Tasmanians and the 30 million who died of starvation in India have been widely forgotten allows us to believe that Nazi violence was unique in European history and not a continuation of the crimes of Empire.

SOURCES
http://www.area-documental.com/player.php?titulo=Impacto%20Fatal
http://217.160.176.9/comun/videos/Racism%20_A%20History2of3.mp4
BBC_Four

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